Migraines can be one of the most disturbing complaints that you may experience. They are synonymous to headaches in symptoms, but differ in terms of the root cause of the pain as well as the patterns of appearance of headaches. Migraines can be chronic in nature in which patients usually feel the symptoms over years. In this line, people with migraine need to learn how to deal with the attacks in order to reduce the severity of debilitation in case intense headaches develop.
Symptoms of migraines do not only involve intense headaches, but other manifestations as well such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness and disturbances in vision. The headache is usually pounding in quality that may last up to 3 hours or even 3 days. The pain on the head may start from the forehead and radiate to the temporal area or the side of the head as well as around the orbit of the eyes. The pulsating pain on the head can also be aggravated by activity and intense light and noise. Probably a good thing about migraines to help people deal with it is the presence of an aura. An aura is usually a premonitory sign that migraine may develop. An example of aura that may be experienced includes visual disturbances such as the presence of flashing of lights. People who have been experiencing migraines have learned to employ measures even at the start of aura to reduce the discomforts of migraines.
To help you deal with migraines, the following are the useful tips in dealing with them:
• Take a hot shower
Hot showers have been effective for most people with migraines. Pay special attention to pouring hot water on the neck because this helps reduce the throbbing sensation along the head. Hot showers tend to improve the circulation to the head to improve oxygenation and reduce pain.
• Apply cold compress over the forehead
Cold compress also relieves throbbing sensation on the forehead by numbing the pain receptors in the area.
• Go to a dark and quiet room
Once aura has set in, go to a dark and quiet room to avoid intensifying the pain caused by bright lights and loud noises. Reducing stimulation also reduces the duration of the migraine attack.
• Apply pressure on the temporal area
Applying pressure on the temples may create a counter irritant effect relieving you from migraines. However, this remedy is only short-term because the pain comes back after the pressure is released.
• Employ adequate sleep
People having adequate sleep tend to experience lesser migraine attacks. Sleep also is one of the most effective remedy during migraine attacks because the person usually feels no pain when asleep.
• Take prescribed medications
Since migraines are medical in nature, taking prescribed medications significantly improve your functioning because of lesser intensity of attacks. Common medications prescribed for migraines include divalproex, timolol and other anti-depressant medications. If you feel that your headaches are becoming severe accompanied by other symptoms, it is best to see a doctor for appropriate medications because migraines seem not to respond to over-the-counter analgesics.
• Eat regularly
Eating regularly and avoiding skipping of meals also help in preventing migraines because a reduction in blood sugar levels may trigger migraines.
Exercising has proven to be beneficial to various conditions including migraines. Exercises improve the circulation and oxygenation of cells thereby preventing migraine attacks.
• Reduce stress
Stress is a common trigger for migraines so make sure to employ diversion activities to reduce your level of stress.
• Avoid food triggers
Foods that usually trigger migraines include processed meats, cheese, caffeine, chocolates, nuts and monosodium glutamate. Make sure to limit these foods if you cannot avoid them all in all.
You may also seek consultation from a chiropractor because migraines can be a symptom of an underlying problem along the spine, which results in poor circulation and nerve impulse transmission to the head. Chiropractors may employ a variety of measures to help you take control over your migraine.
These steps are usually effective in reducing the intensity of your migraines, although someone who has migraine tend to experience intense headaches for years.