Plantar neuroma also known as Morton’s neuroma is a benign neuroma characterized by numbness and pain on the foot. It affects the plantar nerve that passes through the metatarsals and commonly affects the second and third inter metatarsal region. Plantar neuroma is not a true tumor by its nature, but a growth of fibrous tissue around the plantar nerve. When the fibrous tissue forms around the nerve, it may impinge the plantar nerve and cause symptoms to arise. Along with pain and numbness, it also causes burning sensation along the feet and the pain may be characterized as walking on razor blades. Plantar neuroma can be a debilitating condition because this may lead to reduction in the mobility of the feet. In this line preventing it is very essential especially among athletes who use their feet often.
In order to avoid plantar neuroma, certain risk factors and causes should be avoided. The following are the most effective ways of prevention for plantar neuroma:
• Wearing well-fitting shoes
Wearing the most appropriate shoes is a basic prevention for plantar neuroma. When you use ill-fitting shoes, the metatarsals are compressed and may subsequently impinge the plantar nerve. Women who use stilettos often wherein the toes are squeezed may have increased risk for plantar neuroma. Shoes should have adequate space on the toe areas in order to allow better circulation on the plantar nerve.
• Wearing flat shoes more often
Wearing high-heels is another cause of plantar neuroma so using flat shoes often may help avoid placing the foot in awkward positions. If you stand or walk too long, better use flat shoes and reserve those high-heeled shoes.
• Wearing supportive shoes
During workouts, make sure that you use supportive training shoes instead of using regular rubber shoes. Supportive shoes tend to place the foot on its normal anatomic position and reduce tension on the plantar nerve. Supportive shoes also prevent possible injuries from sports or training such as a fracture or a strain. These injuries commonly cause plantar neuroma so better get shoes that can increase your performance and avoid injuries.
• Taking adequate rest in each and every activity
When you employ sports-related activities, make sure not to overwork your feet by taking adequate rest after any activity. When you feel tired, better take some rest and never wait until your feet aches.
• Maintain an ideal body weight
Obesity is also a common cause of plantar neuroma because the feet receive too much weight that it can carry putting stress on the structures of the feet including the plantar nerve. Reduce pounds and maintain an ideal body weight as much as possible.
Aside from all of these, you can also employ some relaxation techniques on the feet such as a foot massage, foot soak or getting a foot spa. This allows better circulation on the feet and relieves tired pedals.
The plantar nerve is an essential part of the feet so never underestimate what plantar neuroma can lead to so start protecting your feet today.