Hip pain is one of the most common problems involving the musculoskeletal system, but it can result from various conditions, which can be sometimes confusing. Hip pain can be a simple or complex problem and can be resolved both using home remedies as well as medical and surgical treatments. Managing hip pain will usually depend on the causative factor so prompt and accurate diagnosis is warranted. If you or some members of the family are suffering from hip pain, here are the common causes for the condition that need to be considered:
Arthritis is a common cause for hip pain because of hip joint degeneration. Arthritis, specifically osteoarthritis, involves the weight bearing joints in the body wherein the hip joint is one of them. Osteoarthritis results in the degeneration of the cartilage in the joint leading to the friction between the two bones in the joint resulting to inflammation and nerve irritation and subsequently, pain in the hips.
Another common cause of hip pain is the inflammation of the tendons around the hip joint. Probably the most common cause of hip pain is the IT band syndrome or the inflammation of the IT band located from the hips up to the knees.
Bursitis or the inflammation of the fluid filled bursa around the joint may also cause hip pain. The bursa is responsible for the containment of the synovial fluid around the joint and when it is inflamed, it can stretch and cause nerve irritation and local inflammation. The most common bursitis to cause hip pain is trochanteric bursitis located adjacent to the greater trochanter of the femur.
An advanced cause of hip pain is osteonecrosis or the disruption of the blood flow to the hip bones. The lack of blood supply to the hip bone can lead to cell death and the collapse of the hip bone itself. Osteonecrosis can occur in all bones in the body, but the most common location is the hip bone.
• Fracture of the hips
A break in the continuity of the hip bone due to fracture is also a cause of hip pain because of the tissue injury and inflammation of the surrounding soft tissues. Fracture of the hips can be seen in cases of osteoporosis or direct physical trauma.
• Muscle strains
The muscles around the hips, when strained, can also lead to minor cases of hip pain. For instance, a hamstring strain can create muscle spasms and pain along the level of the hips.
• Snapping hip syndrome
Snapping hip syndrome involves conditions leading to the tearing of the soft tissues around the hip joint such as the cartilage, tendon and ligaments.
Aside from these causes, developmental problems involving the hip bones can also lead to hip pain during childhood. Developmental dysplasia may develop even during infancy involving abnormal anatomic conditions of the hips. This may not directly cause pain, but it may develop to future problems such as arthritis. Perthes disease is another condition during childhood, which is similar to osteonecrosis. This can lead to early arthritis and degeneration of the hip joint leading to chronic hip pain.
All of these causes need to be considered when diagnosing hip pain to determine the most appropriate management for the condition.