Scar tissue is a part of the skin or other tissues that replace the damaged skin during the healing process. Scar tissues are basically made from the same kind of tissues that the damaged skin are made of; however, there may be some differences on the appearance or texture due to the complex healing process that makes the arrangements of the cells different. Scar tissues usually develop from any damage to the tissues such as burns, cuts, skin infections and others. Other parts of the body also form scar tissues aside from the skin as long as damage is present.
Scar tissues develop as a result of the body’s reparative mechanism to repair damaged tissues. Without this reparative process, any injury may stay long and will not heal. Having scar tissues is a sign that the body is able to repair the injury although there are several mechanisms how scar tissues form.
Formation of Scar Tissues
Scar tissues form through several steps. When the body acquires damage or injury, the body responds by creating a blood clot around the area to prevent excess bleeding. Once blood clots are formed, fibroblasts go to the area to help repair the injured tissue. Fibroblasts break down blood clots and increase the collagen formation in the injured tissue. The collagen that develops on the area becomes the scar tissue. Scar tissues look different because they usually form in overlapping direction as opposed to normal tissue that develops as a single and one layered tissue. Having different cell alignments, scar tissues look different and feel different from the surrounding tissue or skin. Because of the extensive collagen matrix that develops, scar tissues are also not flexible like normal tissues and do not have normal blood supply. On the skin, scar tissues that develop also do not contain sweat glands and hair does not regrow.
Types of Scar Tissues
Scar tissues have different types depending on the injury incurred, extent of the injured area, and the color of the skin. Scar tissues may include:
- Hypertrophic Scar tissues
Hypertrophic scar tissues are usually dark in color and tend to be mildly raised on the skin.
- Atrophic Scar Tissues
Atrophic scars appear as sunken portions in the skin or other tissues. They develop in areas where a part of the skin or muscles are removed. In addition, they also occur when there is over scarring in one area, which prevents new cells from developing on the adjacent tissue.
- Keloid Scars
Keloid scars are severely raised and dark scar tissues as a result of extra collagen that develop. Darker skinned individuals are more prone to develop keloids.
- Contracture Scars tissues
Contracture scars appear as a pulled skin towards the site of injury. This often occurs in burned areas, which reduces the elasticity of the skin.
Managements of Scar issue
Scar tissues are usually managed through conservative therapy. However, scar tissues can only be reduced and will never be removed. Scar tissues that occur on the skin may be reduced by dermabrasion or skin resurfacing, cryotherapy or steroid injections.
Scar tissues that occur on inner tissues may be reduced using various massages and external manipulation such as the Graston technique, all services offered at the top rated Wesley Chapel chiropractor.