Vitamin K is one of the different types of vitamins required in regular small quantity by a human body. Vitamin K is a group of vitamins that are structurally alike in their formation and are fat-soluble in nature. The Vitamin K group is constituted of Vitamin K1, K2, K3, K4, and K5. Vitamin K1 and K2 are natural vitamins while Vitamin K3, K4 and K5 are synthetic vitamers.
Phytonadione, Phylloquinone or Phytomenadione are the other names used for Vitamin K1. Vitamin K1 has its involvement in photosynthesis and thus is found in abundance in vegetables that are green in color. This vitamin takes active part in the body of animals and even performs some of the recognized functions of Vitamin K such as generating proteins for coagulation of blood. Animals have the capability of internally converting Vitamin K1 into K2.
Role Of Vitamin K1
Vitamin K1 is regarded as a naturally occurring coagulant and has an immense role to play in clotting of blood.
Apart from this, Vitamin K1 is also used in skin treatments as this vitamin is found to limit the effect of certain types of bruising. In fact, some doctors are of the opinion that if this vitamin is used as an element in a compound then it can help reduce dark circles (a growing complain of many).
Vitamin K1 finds its use in pediatric causes as well. The infants, according to research, have a tendency of suffering from excessive bleeding due to lack of sufficient Vitamin K1 in their body. Thus, US doctors have instructed that each new born, mainly the premature babies should be injected Vitamin K1 in order to avoid complications arising due to problems in blood clotting.
It has also been found that low amount of Vitamin K1 in a diet raises the risk of hip fracture in a body. It can also result in hip pain. Gla proteins require Vitamin K1 for their formation and active functionality. Osteocalcin, also known as Gla protein, after carboxylation with Vitamin K1 allows binding of calcium to bone matrix. Again, the Gla protein, matrix Gla-protein, prevents the calcification of soft tissues by binding to calcium and thereby stopping the calcium from settling down in the vessels of smooth vascular muscles. These facts tell us that both the Gla proteins are required for breaking down of calcium but are incapable to function properly without sufficient amount of Vitamin K1. It is evident from the above facts that Vitamin K1 has a vital role to play in keeping calcium out of the vascular muscles of the heart and in turn keeping calcium in the bones of the human body.
Sources Of Vitamin K1
Vitamin K1 is abundant in sources coming directly from plants. That is to say leafy vegetables that are green in color are the highest source of Vitamin K1. Some of them to be named are- kale, broccoli, cabbage, parsley, spinach and such other. A Temple Terrace Chiropractor can help you further in identifying the sources of vitamin K1.
A measurable amount of Vitamin K1 if taken in regular diet can effectively increase the bone density in a body and keep away certain diseases pertaining to bones.