Biomechanics is the body of knowledge that is concerned with the external as well as internal forces that act on the human body along with the effects that are produced by the various forces to the individual. The term biomechanics was first described during the 70s, which is used to describe the application of engineering mechanics to the medical and biological systems.
Biomechanics is related to engineering mechanics because biological systems are analyzed using engineering sciences. For instance, Newtonian mechanics is used to supply correct approximations to biological systems. Biomechanics may also involve numerical values that are similar to engineering.
Biomechanics involves the mechanisms involved in the inner workings of cells to the mechanical properties of soft tissues in the body, to the movement of the limbs and so on, so naturally, this is a field that Dr. Mohr, your Wesley Chapel chiropractor, is very familiar with.
Biomechanics involve various fields such as:
- Soft Body Dynamics
Soft Body mechanics involves the study of the mechanisms of soft tissues in the body such as the tendons, muscles and ligaments.
This incorporates kinetics and physiology wherein studies are undertaken regarding the amount of time taken by the body to carry out various activities and others. These may include:
- Distance and Displacement
- Speed and velocity of movement
- Body Accelerations
- Vectors and scalars
- Momentum of Force
- Angular Kinematics
- Gait Analysis
This field is responsible for the factors that affect gait or the way a person walks.
- Musculoskeletal and orthopedic biomechanics
These involve the various motions of the musculoskeletal system and the factors that affect its movement.
- Cardiovascular biomechanics
This involves the various mechanisms inside the heart and blood vessels such a myocardial contraction, force of contraction, peripheral resistance and others.
Ergonomy or ergonomics involves the various body mechanics in respect to any body movement as well as the factors that affect the musculoskeletal system.
This is a special field of biomechanics that is used to bring back the normal functioning of the musculoskeletal system in respect to the effects of diseases or conditions.
- Occupational biomechanics
This is a special field that caters to the physical factors that may affect workers in the workplace specifically those involving the musculoskeletal system.
- Sports biomechanics
In this field, laws of biomechanics are used to have greater understanding of athletic performances. These mechanisms are also used to prevent sports injuries, rehabilitate sports related injuries and sports mastery. The application of sports biomechanics usually develops the best athletes.
Greater understanding of biomechanics enables researchers to have a greater understanding on tissue engineering that further leads to improved treatment modalities for various pathologies or illnesses. Biomechanics is especially useful in the field of orthopedics for the design and manufacture of external fixations, joint replacements and orthopedic implants. Aside from medical treatments, biomechanics is also used for various diagnostic procedures such as electromyography that studies muscle activation and others.
The study and utilization of biomechanics has helped people to understand how the cells, tissues and the body moves and undertake various functions. Biomechanics is also helpful for the application and utilization of treatment modalities that help improve the quality of life.