Chiropractic care is the practice of conservative managements involving the neuromuscular and skeletal system without employing surgery or medications. Chiropractic care is a combination of alternative and mainstream medicine and it is considered a medical specialty similar to other areas such as podiatry and dentistry.

The World Health Organization considers chiropractic as a complementary and alternative medicine. Chiropractic care focuses on the non-surgical management of spine problems, but other areas of the body involving the musculoskeletal system may also be managed using various techniques.

People practicing chiropractic care are called Chiropractors. Chiropractors are considered health care professionals and are also known as chiropractic physicians. Chiropractic employs various treatment techniques for the management of disorders concerning the body. The main technique used is manual therapy, which involves the manipulation of the spine, soft tissues and joints. Aside from the manual therapy, it also employs exercise, physical therapy, electrical modalities and health counseling.

Chiropractic care was originally founded in the 1890s by BJ Palmer and D.D. Palmer. Chiropractic care has two classifications, including:

Straights
This group focuses on innate intelligence, vitalism and spinal adjustments. This group believes that diseases are caused by vertebral subluxations.

Mixers
This group is open to conventional medical techniques and mainstream medicine, which employs massage, exercise and ice therapy.

The practice of chiropractic care is synonymous and overlaps with other medical treatments such as physical therapy, osteopathy and massage therapy. Because of its advantages over several approaches, chiropractic is the third largest of all health professions led by doctors.

Chiropractic managements also follow the standard procedure in managing conditions. Assessment is integral for the appropriateness of therapy to be given. Assessment tools for chiropractic care involve neurologic examinations, orthopedic evaluation, tactile assessments as well as skeletal imaging. X-rays and other imaging techniques are used to identify the problem with the musculoskeletal system.

Techniques of Chiropractic Care

Chiropractic care involves several techniques including:

Spinal Manipulation
Spinal manipulation or chiropractic adjustment is the most common technique used. It is a manual maneuver employing dynamic thrust, which is a sudden force on the spine causing a sound on the bones that increases the range of motion of joints. The manipulation does not involve the adjustments on the spine beyond its range of motion that can cause dislocation or breaks. Spinal manipulation therapy may also employ the use of the hands to massage, stimulate, adjust, and manipulate the spine.

Diversified Technique
This employs the full manipulation of the spine using several techniques.

Activator Technique
This uses a spring-loaded instrument to provide spinal adjustments.

Other techniques are also available depending on the practice of the chiropractor.

Chiropractic care is beneficial from other treatments because it is non-invasive and safe for various conditions such as headache, neck pain, whiplash injury, low back pain, problems on the extremities, scoliosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, radiculopathy, kinetic imbalance, fibromyalgia, back pain during pregnancy and many others involving the neuromusculoskeletal system. It is also relatively safe when done by trained chiropractors.